Hervé Trumel ; François Willot ; Thomas Peyres ; Maxime Biessy ; François Rabette - The irreversible thermal expansion of an energetic material

jtcam:7091 - Journal of Theoretical, Computational and Applied Mechanics, November 18, 2021 - https://doi.org/10.46298/jtcam.7091
The irreversible thermal expansion of an energetic materialArticle

Authors: Hervé Trumel ORCID1; François Willot ORCID2; Thomas Peyres 1; Maxime Biessy 1; François Rabette ORCID2,1

  • 1 Direction des Applications Militaires
  • 2 Centre de Morphologie Mathématique

The work deals with a macroscopically isotropic energetic material based on triamino-trinitrobenzene (TATB) crystals bonded with a small volume fraction of a thermoplastic polymer. This material is shown experimentally to display an irreversible thermal expansion behavior characterized by dilatancy and variations of its thermal expansion coefficient when heated or cooled outside a narrow reversibility temperature range. The analysis of cooling results suggests the existence of residual stresses in the initial state, attributed to the manufacturing process. Microstructure-level FFT computations including the very strong anisotropic thermoelastic TATB crystal response and temperature-dependent binder plasticity, show that strong internal stresses develop in the disoriented crystals under thermal load, either heating or cooling. Upon cooling, binder plastic yielding in hindered, thus promoting essentially brittle microcracking, while it is favored upon heating. Despite its low volume fraction, the role of the binder is essential, its plastic yielding causing stress redistribution and residual stresses upon cooling back to ambient.

Published on: November 18, 2021
Accepted on: October 27, 2021
Submitted on: January 16, 2021
Keywords: polycrystal,thermal expansion,thermoelastic anisotropy,microcracking,FFT-based homogenization,internal stresses,polymer plasticity,glass transition,[SPI]Engineering Sciences [physics]

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